Most of the records in my list are second hand (used) and their condition is described as follows:

LP gradings:

  • M = Mint. Sealed, unplayed.
  • NM = Near Mint. May have light non-sounding mark, that I have played to check it doesn’t sound.
  • NM- = Near Mint Minus. May have a few light non-sounding marks. I describe any small mark that sounds. Most of the surface is near mint.
  • VG++ = Very good plus plus. Has a number of marks. Any that sound are described.
  • VG+ = Very good plus. Some marks that tick.
  • VG = Very good. Will have some marks that tick or click.
  • F = Fair. Some noise & probably audible wear. See description.

Records in poor condition are not included in my list.

Sleeves are in the same condition as the LP, unless I describe the sleeve condition:

Sleeve gradings:

  • NM = Near mint, a fine crisp sleeve.
  • NM- = Very nearly near mint. May have a minor crease, or little writing on the back, or some light marks, or a very small bit of tape.
  • VG++ = Sleeve has worn edges, or a small tear, or some tape. May have some marks.
  • VG = Sleeve has some damage, described.

Please email me ask me if you want more information about a sleeve.

I am aiming to provide reliably graded records, & I examine records very carefully.

All visible marks are tested on my Garrard 401 turntable to see if they sound.

  • When a mark sounds quite softly, I describe this as a "tick".
  • Loud sounds are described as "clicks".

Different equipment may produce different results, and I aim to provide enough guidance on record condition for you to choose the condition you find acceptable.

As a rule of thumb, I expect records graded NM, NM-, or VG++ to sound perfect, unless I mention a problem. Experienced collectors will know that early pressings often have more surface noise than later issues.


All vinyl records, however well cared for, gradually accumulate dust in the grooves, resulting in "ticky" noises even on LPs that look perfect.

I have a Keith Monks Record Cleaning Machine, which gently brushes each side of the LP with a mixture of alcohol & distilled water, and then vacuums off the fluid and dirt giving a very much quieter surface.

Unless you have access to a record cleaning machine yourself I recommend you to ask me to clean your records before despatching them. The charge of £3.00 per LP includes a new inner sleeve.